INTERNATIONAL NEWS IN INDIA

AURANGZEB‬, TIPU SULTAN‬‬



  • After basic examination of the farmans of Mughal heads researchers like Tarapada Mukherjee, Irfan Habib and B.N. Pande have opined that Mughal rulers issued area awards for the support of Hindu sanctuaries. The previously stated initial two researchers have concentrated on the farmans of Akbar,Jahangir and Shah Jehan and have demonstrated that these rulers had issu - ed area to sanctuaries especially in Vrindabana, Aritha and Mathura. Dr. B.N. Pande then again embraced the investigation of the farmans of Aurangzeb and paid consideration on the religious arrangement of Tipu Sultan.
  • Dr. Pande was sufficiently pleasant to convey two addresses on the topics "Farmans of Aurangzeb And Other Mughal Sovereigns" and "Tipu: An Assessment of His Religious Approach" under the sponsorship of the Foundation of the Target Learns at the Scholarly Staff School, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi on the seventeenth and eighteenth November 1993 individually. In the first paper Dr. Pande has expressed, after a basic examination and investigation of the farmans of Aurangzeb gathered from different parts of the Indian sub contin - ent, that the Mughal Ruler Aurangzeb had issued jagirs and money presents for the upkeep of sanctuaries to be specific Someshwar Nath Mahadev Sanctuary arranged at the intersection of Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad.
  • Mahakaleshwara Sanctuary arranged at Ujjain, Balaji Sanctuary at Chitrakut, Umananda Sanctuary at Gauhati and the Jain Sanctuary of Shatrunjal and different Sanctuaries and Gurudwaras scattered over northern India. Dr. Pande has refered to examples, which demonstrate that Aurangzeb requested pulverization of sanctuaries and mosques and the notice may be made of Vishvanath Sanctuary at Varanasi and the Jama Masjid at Golkunda. In any case, the reasons must be seen and researched in legitimate recorded viewpoint. The previously stated sanctuary had turned into the focal point of connivance against the state and comparable was the situation with the mosque as highlighted by Dr Pande.
  • On further examination, it is accounted for that Aurangzeb had requested attack of the sanctuary with a specific end goal to protect ladies individuals from the group of a Clergyman of Rajasthan who had gone there on journey. The leader of Golkunda in the wake of gathering income of the state, did not pay his duty to the Empirial Power at Delhi. He covered this Khazana and raised a Jama Masjid over it. At the point when Aurangzeb came to know of it, he requested the obliteration of the mosque. Dr. Pande negated the charge against Aurangzeb that he was a hostile to Hindu ruler and had set up that Aurangzeb did not make any refinement in the middle of sanctuaries and mosques so far as state organization was concerned. Subsequently Dr. Pande has tossed new light on the part, character and identity of one of the brightest of the Mughal rulers.
  • In the second paper Dr.Pande has centered his consideration on the issue of mass transformation at the season of Tipu Sultan and opined that the Tipu's state, which may be summed up as medieval to current Indian Muslim state, did no draw in itself in any mass-scale change. Be that as it may, there happened instances of change amid that time. Firstly these happened at the mass level and also these were deliberate or on monetary or different contemplations or may be as result of the prominence of the Sufi holy people who lived among the general population and spread precepts of Islam to them in their own tongues and dialect.
  • Taking after the legacy abandoned by the Mughal rulers, Tipu Sultan made extravagant endowments to Hindu sanctuaries especially to Shri Rangnatha Sanctuary situated inside the Post of Shrirangapatnam at Mysore. Tipu was an illuminated ruler and was common in viewpoint. In the event that he pulverized the Hindus of Coorg, the Christians of Mangalore and the Nayars of Malabar that was to because of the actuality they wished to undermine his power by joining the English. He didn't save the Mopillas of Malabar or the Mahadevi Muslims or Nawabs of Sawanur or Nizam at whatever point he suspected such propensities among them.
  • Regardless of his long-drawn clash and wide contrasts with the English, he didn't falter to benefit himself by Western science and specialty of administration. Tipu was a very taught ruler who could go into talk with specialists in Persian, Kannada, Marathi and French dialects. Tipu's methodology towards socio-religious issues was populist. He annulled the custom of human penance to Kali Sanctuary (Mysore), banned the utilization of alcohol and the development of bhang, dried leaves of which are very communicating made prostitution and the abuse of female slaves illicit and took measures to defend the honor and humility of the Nair Ladies.
  • Dr. Pande has pointed out that Tipu was a passionate Muslim and not an intolerant one. He has firmly invalidated the charge leveled by some Hindu communalists that Tipu was against Hindu and has convincingly demonstrated that on the premise of religion Tipu saw no difference among his kin. Tipu has been a questionable figure. The sole reason for observing Tipu's jayanti was to spellbind Muslim votes. It has activated warmed level headed discussion between his sympathizers and those contradicting him.
  • "Hindu associations assert that Tipu was not a mainstream, but rather a prejudiced and domineering ruler. He was the Aurangzeb of South, who changed over lakhs of individuals persuasively and was in charge of cutting down countless," said an article in expert RSS production Panchjanya. "There is a reasonable political edge in the matter of why the Siddaramaiah government supported Tipu Jayanti. It is plain even to the most insensitive personality that it was gone for charming the Muslims," said an article titled 'Making false symbols' in the magazine, which was brought out by RSS sympathizers.
  • It was additionally incredulous of Siddaramaiah, saying he came to power sidelining bad-to-the-bone Congress pioneers calling himself the champion of the minorities, in reverse classes and the Dalits. "He is the Karnataka rendition of Mulayam Singh Yadav or Lalu Prasad Yadav. A newcomer to the Congress, he is even more a Janata Dal government official. While accusing the BJP as being collective and hostile to common, Siddaramaiah has not delayed to utilize the name of Hindu divinities to increase political mileage," it said. Another article, titled 'Pseudo resilience' in another master RSS distribution said, "Four valuable lives including that of a Vishwa Hindu Parishad pioneer were lost in Karnataka, while scores harmed as Karnataka Government proceeded with its "driven" system of mollifying the minority group."
  • It further said, "While individuals scrutinized the need to compose the Jayanti for a ruler known more for his extremism than resilience, more for barbarianism than improvement, the state government had stand out motivation — to assuage the minority group." It additionally said, "Congress, which claims to 'lecture the mantra of resistance', neglected to comprehend the beat of tolerant larger part.
  • "The Hindus had asked for the legislature for an occasion on Gowri celebration which it rejected. Then again, the same government had no second thoughts for loss of lives as the Boss Pastor straightforwardly guarded the activity." The articles said after the brutality in Kodagu, Karnataka Government ought to regard the savvy counsel of the loved Sri Vishveshwara Theertharu Swamiji of Pejavar Math in Udupi that the Administration ought to stay away from the conception commemorations of disputable identities like Tipu.
  • "He proposed that rather it could praise the jayantis of awesome identities among Muslims, for example, Maulana Abu Kalam Azad and Sir Mirza Ismail, who was the Dewan of august Mysore (and later Jaipur and Hyderabad) and is held in high regard for building up all the three regal States," it said. Another article said individuals in a few locale of the state stand isolated on the issue whether Tipu, eighteenth century so called Mysore Sultan was a "Muslim biased person or a secularist".
  • "What has set off the level headed discussion, which is so far in the hands of crazy students of history and even the unlettered, is the activity of the Siddaramaiah-drove Congress Legislature of the state authoritatively supporting the 265th conception commemoration of Tipu (1750-1799). "The Administration has itself to fault for inciting the general population prompting viciousness in Kodagu Area furthermore some ignoble contentions," it said. The article recommended that it is better that in future, Karnataka government does not rehash the current year's slip-up by praising the Jayantis of Tipu or some other identity viewed as a dictator by the general population everywhere, as opposed to pass by the perspectives of common students of history who are influenced by today's vitiated legislative issues in the nation.